Sump Pumps

Sump Pumps

If you invest in a high-quality, properly functioning sump pump, your home will stay safe and dry. At Reliable Basement Services, our experienced and skilled professionals will assess your needs and recommend the best sump pump for your home. We will even handle the installation. You can receive a FREE basement waterproofing and basement crack repair inspection when you have a sump pump installed.

Zoeller M98 Automatic 98 Cast Iron Series Submersible Pump

The cast iron Zoeller M98 sump pump utilizes stainless steel screws in its construction. It is also fitted with a two pole operated mechanical switch, which isolates both poles from electricity. It is designed to handle solids up to half an inch in size. It operates at 115 volts and pumps up to 3,420 gallons per hour with a five meter head. You get 3,060 gallons per hour with a ten meter head. With the 15 meter head, you’ll get 2,580 gallons per hour. Because the Zoeller M98 sump pump flow-mate is made of cast iron, it’s especially heavy for its size. This allows the sump pump to stand easily at the bottom of the liquids in the sump or pit you choose to use it in.

A Zoeller M98 sump pump is made up of many components including:

Clear Quiet Check Valve

If you’re tired of hearing so much noise from your check valve during sump pump operation, there is a solution! The innovative Smart Check Valve has a quiet design that eliminates water hammer noise. You can rely on these check valves to prevent back-flow without the inline restriction of conventional center poppet check valves. The Smart Check remains in the closed position to 2 PSI. When it exceeds 2 PSI line pressure, it opens fully. The Smart Check is equipped with a spring-loaded gate mechanism, which allows Reliable Basement Services to install it in virtually any orientation. All the valves are clear UV stabilized PVC with Slip x Slip connections.

Why Does a Sump Pump Fail?

Power Failure

In most cases, sump pumps fail because they lose power. This could happen for several reasons. Maybe a storm causes a local power outage, you tripped a circuit breaker, or you blew a fuse. If your power feed line is damaged or even if someone has unplugged the pump, you will experience an interruption in your sump pump operation. Sometimes a wearing sump pump will also cause the electrical breaker to trip.

Mechanical Failure

Mechanical problems, such as a faulty part or an aging pump, can cause a sump pump to fail. Maybe your pump is burned out or jammed with mud or even a rock. A broken impeller or drive shaft can also cause mechanical failure. Your float switch could be stuck or broken. Even if you have a backup pump, it won’t protect you from mechanical failure. You should purchase a separate alarm to alert you if your system and backup pump both fail.

Most sump pump mechanical problems related to the float. If the pump does not start, the float may be hanging on something in the tank. Simply repositioning the pump might solve the problem. If this fails, the float may need to be replaced. If the pump fails to shut off when the water level drops to the bottom of the sump tank, you need a new float.

Pump Overload

If excessive water flows into the sump pump, your pump will overload. When this happens, your pump won’t be able to handle all of the incoming water and will end up malfunctioning. If foreign matter becomes trapped, the pump will partially clog. The motor will run more slowly until the sump pump eventually stops working.

Checking Your Sump Pump Operation

You must check your sump pump regularly to make sure it is functioning properly and will continue to do so even when the next big downpour occurs. To check your sump pump operation, you must first remove the cover and slowly pour water into the tank. Watch for the float to rise and trigger the pump. If the pump engages properly, the water level should quickly lower. The float will shut off the pump. This is a normal sump cycle. A sump pump will solve most basement flooding and leaking issues.

Because we are a full-service basement waterproofing company, Reliable Basement Services will install a sump pump system in your basement that will direct water around and beneath the basement foundation into a sump pit at the lowest point. The electrically powered sump pump will discharge the water out of the pit and into the city storm drain or whatever location your local codes require.

Replacement Pumps

Just like any piece of equipment, sump pumps wear out over time and need to be replaced. There is no general rule on how often you should replace your sump pump. It depends on how often the pump operates.

Consider a Backup

If your home experiences a power outage for an extended period of time, you should consider a battery backup sump pump or another water powered backup system. Your primary sump pump may also fail, so a backup sump pump will protect your basement from flooding. These backups use your home’s water supply pressure to remove water from the sump pit.

Sump Pump Tips

Sump pumps are your first line of defense against water leaking into your basement and flooding it. They also protect your foundation and the structural integrity of your home. When the time comes that you need a sump pump, it may not have run for quite some time. You should plan ahead and ensure that your pump runs when needed. If it doesn’t run properly, you might show up at your home to find the basement flooded. The average lifespan of a sump pump is seven years, but the average life of a sump pump switch is only about four years.

It only takes about ten minutes to complete sump pump maintenance. You will need to check the operation of your sump pump to ensure it is functioning properly before you need it. You should keep a cover over your sump basin at all times. This will help keep out animals and children. It also prevents debris from falling into the basin and causing the float switch to not work properly. A cover will also reduce unpleasant odors and radon levels.

Inspect for Debris

You should inspect your sump pump for debris and remove any that you find to keep your pump operating properly. You do not want the debris to get sucked into the sump pump impeller or obstruct the float switch. Always check for debris before you test the pump.

Check Pump Screens/Inlet Screens

You should check the inlet screens on your pump to make sure they are free from debris and residue build-up. If they are blocked, your sump pump won’t function as efficiently. That will also reduce the volume of water the pump removes. You can also wash down the outside of your sump pump and the basin with a hose. This will remove all the debris that could negatively impact the operation of your pump.

Electricity and Safety

Because your sump pump uses both electricity and water, you should make sure that you are protected by using a ground fault indicator (GFI). This should keep you safe because it will trip the electricity if there is a fault. If you have a test facility, check this operation.

Cable Routing

Check for the correct cable routing and the condition of your cable. You should also make sure that the cable is properly secured and not in a situation where it could fall into the sump. This could be lethal, so it’s vital for the cable to be fixed and secure. Zip ties are one way you can secure the cable.

Check Your Discharge Pipes

Your check valve should always be fitted. This will stop the pumped water that’s in the discharge pump line from returning into the sump and refilling the sump when it’s pushed away. The water will only move in one direction: out of your sump and out of your home, which is exactly what you want. If this isn’t functioning properly, your sump will keep refilling.

Make sure to check the discharge line for leaks, damage, or freezing. Make sure that everything is properly intact including the end of your pumping line. If you can see the pumped line, you should make sure the end is free so that the pumped water will run clear.

Water Test Your Pump

You can test your pump by filling the sump with water and observing the sump pump operating. This way you can watch the operation of the float switch and make sure it rises with the water level and moves freely and easily. Some pumps also have a pressure switch. If you have one, you should also check it.

Check the Operation of the Float Switch

Once the float reaches the switch on point, you should observe the sump pump operation. Make sure you also listen to the float switch connecting. It should engage without hesitation or resistance and run the pump properly. Because the float switch is a weak point in a sump pump, it should be easy for you to check it.

Listen to the Pump

After the pump starts running, you need to listen to the pump. You shouldn’t hear any squealing or grinding—not even metal on metal. There will be some minor vibrations, but if there are excessive sump pump vibrations, you should investigate. This could indicate the bearings or internal workings of the pump are wearing out.

Operate the Pump Several Times

Operating the pump once isn’t enough. You should operate it several times to make sure the pump is operating efficiently. The sump pump should stop whenever the water level is pumped down to a suitable level and the switch has returned to a resting position. The sump pump should complete its cycles.

Check Valve Operation

Listen for the check valve click within the operation sequence. You should hear the check valve operating while the pump stops pumping. The check valve needs to close with a click and should stop water from returning into the sump.